Home remedies and first aid treatment has very little effect on the final outcome of such a bite. –  Wear boots and thick trousers or jeans if you spend a great deal of time outdoors. The snake was later identified as a juvenile African boomslang. It has a potent haemotoxic venom that affects the blood clotting mechanism but part of the problem is a lack of anti-venom and medical facilities in northern Africa. Cats are very quick and smart enough to attack juvenile snakes only and are seldom bitten. In 2019 it announced a goal of slashing the number of annual deaths and disabilities from envenomation by 50 percent by 2030—an undertaking that could cost nearly $140 million. (Learn more about a promising multispecies antivenom for Asian snake species. Local tissue necrosis is quite common and may result in the loss of a limb. Poison Information Helpline  0861 555 777 Netcare Ambulance  082911 Many snakebites take place so quickly that victims are not always certain that they have actually been bitten. Although there is a global medicinal cure for snakebite called "anti-venom," it still accounted for up to 130,000 deaths and over 300,000 paralyzing injuries and amputations last year. –  Cutting the tip of the animal’s ear to let the venom ‘bleed out’. Please note that our offices are closed during the December Holidays. A harmless, Gaboon Adder (Bitis gabonica) from Zululand. –  Wrap the bite site tightly with a Smart bandage and continue wrapping the entire limb from the bite towards the heart. This comes from labs that may house thousands of snakes in captivity. There is very little an owner can do to save an animal’s life that has been bitten by a venomous snake, other than getting it to a vet. Click here to register for our Advanced Snake Identification course. An unidentified snake bit Abdourahmane’s left ankle while he was herding goats. Cheaper antivenoms are available but often are unreliable. However, these are broad categorisations and do not cover all the complexities or combinations of venom – the venom of the Forest Cobra, for example, contains a mixture of both neurotoxins and cytotoxins. Advantages of using a bag valve mask See links to view/download the ASI First Aid for Snakebite Poster below. Many dogs are bitten by snakes, usually while trying to kill a snake. By Sophie Borland and Sebastian Berger in South Africa 11 March 2008 • 14:30 pm . Many snakes are active after sunset, and slow-moving snakes like the Puff Adder are easily trodden on. No part of the world is free of snakebites. In Africa there are well over a half a million snakebites yearly that need treatment. Hospitals and pharmacies might charge $80 to $120 or more a vial, and most snakebite victims require several vials. –  If used with oxygen a bag valve mask will provide the highest concentration of oxygen possible. In 1928, the South African Institute for Medical Research (SAIMR) began to produce antivenom. –  Keep flushing for at least 15-20 minutes and then transport the victim to a medical doctor, who will do a slit lamp examination and prescribe local anaesthetic and antibiotic eye drops. About half of the bites from venomous snakes are dry, with no venom injected, says Eugene Erulu, a physician at Watamu Hospital in southern Kenya, “so these patients get well, and the traditional healer believes that he has healed the patients.”. The average annual incidence is about 57,500 snake bites (6.2 per 100,000 population) and mortality is close to 370 deaths (0.04 per 100,000 population), that is, between one third and half of the previous estimates. Haemotoxic venom affects the clotting mechanism of the blood To draw attention to the snakebite crisis and to attract funding for research and treatment, in 2017 WHO added snakebite envenomation to its roster of neglected tropical diseases, which includes rabies, dengue, and leprosy. There is usually little or no swelling and very little pain initially. Snakes with predominantly neurotoxic venom include the Black Mamba, Green Mamba, and some non-spitting cobras. Baldé and other experts have long tried to alert authorities to the severity of this deadly crisis and the desperate need for antivenom research and development—with little success. Baldé, then an entomologist studying vector-borne diseases, brought the 12-year-old into the clinic, but there was no hope. In some cases patients go into anaphylaxis, a life-threatening condition during which the blood pressure drops and the heart may stop beating. Snake venom very quickly attaches to local tissue and is absorbed into the lymphatic system and very little venom can be removed by suction. A bite mark is seldom the characteristic two-fang puncture mark – often a bite will be from a single fang and may just be a scratch with a little bleeding. Producing antivenoms is a long, expensive process, and because the vast majority of people who need them live in developing countries, such drugs are not big moneymakers. A complete first aid kit contained a lancet, ligature, syringe and two bottles of serum. The idea is to lay the patient on his/her back, tilt the head backwards to open up the airway and ensure that there is no blockage or excessive liquid that could block the airway. Some snakes, such as the Stiletto Snake, cannot be held safely behind the head and you will certainly get bitten if you try. Nabi Camara checks grasses and bushes for snakes in western Guinea’s forest-savanna bioregion. Additionally, most of the more reliable African antivenoms need to be kept refrigerated to stay stable and effective. –  Immobilise the limb and immediately apply firm pressure to the site of the bite with a hand. These animals will probably need antivenom and will likely have to be placed on a ventilator to help them breathe while the antivenom takes effect. In severe cases the entire limb may swell. –  Get the victim to a hospital as soon as possible and in a safe manner There is little evidence that a tourniquet could be life-saving following a snakebite. Any exposure to high temperatures will alter its effectiveness. . Snake bites in South Africa are not as common as you would think, annually less than 12 people per annum die as a result of a venomous snake bite in South Africa.To put it into perspective more people die from allergic reactions and motorcar related accidents than are bitten and die from snake bite. 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