The road was begun by Appius Claudius Caecus, the Roman censor, in 312 BC, and originally ran for about 212 km from Rome to the ancient city of Capua, but by 244 BC, it was extended by another 370 km to reach the port of Brundisium (now Brindisi) by the Adriatic Sea. The Appian Way or Via Appia Antica in Rome is ancient road that was built in 312 B.C. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. He had been given the name of the founding ancestor of the gens, Appius Claudius (Attus Clausus in Sabine). [1] Its importance is indicated by its common name, recorded by Statius:[2][3], "the Appian Way the queen of the long roads". The Church of Domine Quo Vadis is in the second mile of the road. ", Peterson, John. The dates are somewhat uncertain and there is considerable variation in the sources, but during the Third Samnite War the Romans seem to have extended the road to Venusia, where they placed a colony of 20,000 men. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Appian Way's path across today's regions Lazio and Campania has always been well known, while the exact position of the part located in Apulia (the original one, not the extension by Trajan) was unknown, since there were no visible remains of the Appian Way in that region. The average household income in the Appian Way area is $53,943. In the First Samnite War (343–341 BC) the Romans found they could not support or resupply troops in the field against the Samnites across the marsh. Chester Springs, Pennsylvania: Dufour Editions, Inc., 1989. Appian Way ăp´ēən , Lat. The Romans were only biding their time while they looked for a solution. Appian Way, Latin Via Appia, the first and most famous of the ancient Roman roads, running from Rome to Campania and southern Italy. The Appian Way was the first long road built specifically to transport troops outside the smaller region of greater Rome (this was essential to the Romans). This was commemorated by an arch at Beneventum. They provided efficient means for the … The Neapolitans appealed to Rome, which sent an army and expelled the Samnites from Neapolis. It was … Navigate parenthood with the help of the Raising Curious Learners podcast. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The heel of Italy lay open to the Romans. The German forces escaped to the north of Florence. 2014. ed. The itinerary from Beneventum was now Venusia, Silvium, Tarentum, Uria and Brundisium. The materials were volcanic rock. The distance was 212 kilometers (132 mi). The road was the main factor that allowed them to concentrate their forces with sufficient rapidity and to keep them adequately supplied, whereafter they became a formidable opponent. Known as the “Regina Longarum Viarum,” or “Queen of the Long Roads,” the Appian Way, possibly ancient Rome’s most famous road, was built in 312 BC to connect Rome to Brindisi in the south of Italy; it was one of the most important and strategic roads of the Roman Republic.And it is the reason why today we say, “All roads lead to Rome.” Roman roads (Latin: viae Romanae [ˈwɪ.ae̯ roːˈmaːnae̯]; singular: via Romana [ˈwɪ.a roːˈmaːna]; meaning "Roman way") were physical infrastructure vital to the maintenance and development of the Roman state, and were built from about 300 BC through the expansion and consolidation of the Roman Republic and the Roman Empire. The emperor Trajan built the Via Traiana, an extension of the Via Appia from Beneventum, reaching Brundisium via Canusium and Barium rather than via Tarentum. With a common data scheme and UX patterns, and simultaneous upgrades, Appian is unique in providing built-in safeguards to bust app silos and eliminate the burden of application maintenance. These Were The Romans. Started in 312 BC and completed just under 50 years later, the Appian Way, or ‘Queen of Roads’ as it was known, was the world’s first major highway. The Samnites, now a major power after defeating the Greeks of Tarentum, occupied Neapolis to try to ensure its loyalty. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Remains of Roman tombs lining the Appian Way (begun 312 BC), Rome. Around 343 BC, Rome and Capua attempted to form an alliance, a first step toward a closer unity. In the villas that surrounded the road, early Christian converts allowed other Christians to worship and to ultimately be buried beneath their gardens. In a way, the Appian Way is ancient Rome’s way of showing off its muscles. It was … The Germans occupied Mounts Laziali and Lepini along the track of the old Via Latina, from which they rained down shells on Anzio. The few roads outside the early city were Etruscan and went mainly to Etruria. Via Appia).The road from Rome to southern Italy. Romans preferred using the canal. it had been extended to Brundisium (Brindisi), a total of 234 miles. The ex-slave army was defeated at Siler River by Marcus Licinius Crassus. 10 Facts about Piazza Navona Dominitian’s ancient stadium, now Rome’s most beautiful Piazza, is adorned with fine Renaissance and Baroque buildings, designed by the most famous architects of the 16C and 17C. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the road fell out of use; Pope Pius VI ordered its restoration. 2003. It was extensively restored for Rome's Millennium and Great Jubilee celebrations. While trying to escape from Italy at Brundisium he unwittingly moved his forces into the historic trap in Apulia/Calabria. Over the years, the Way was extended and ultimately connected Rome to the Adriatic port city of Brindisi in southeast Italy. Their roads began at Rome, where the master itinerarium, or list of destinations along the roads, was located, and extended to the borders of their domain – hence the expression, "All roads lead to Rome". By the late Republic, the Romans had expanded over most of Italy and were masters of road construction. 2016. "A New Republican Temple on the Via Appia, at the Borders of Rome's Urban Space. Pompey's armies captured and killed several thousand rebels that escaped from the battle and Crassus captured several thousand more. The Appian Way was begun in 312 bce by the censor Appius Claudius Caecus. The Appian Way, built from 312 b.C., was the model for all the other roads, as it was the first to be paved in stone and made to last for many centuries. In a series of blows the Romans reversed their fortunes, bringing Etruria to the table in 311 BC, the very year of their revolt, and Samnium in 304. Supplied by that same road, the Romans successfully defended the region against Pyrrhus, crushing his army in a two-day fight at the Battle of Beneventum in 275 BC. The original road had no milestones, as they were not yet in use. The Appian Way was the most strategically important road leading out of the City. The average property tax on Appian Way is $1,905/yr and the average house or building was built in 1988. An aqueduct (the Aqua Appia) secured the water supply of the city of Rome. To construct a road, they first leveled the road's surface then placed small pebbles on it. Gravel was laid upon this, which was finally topped with tight fitting, interlocking stones to provide a flat surface. Wintering in Campania, he withdrew to Apulia in 279 BC, where, pursued by the Romans, he won a second costly victory at the Battle of Asculum. The building of the Aurelian Wall centuries later required the placing of another gate, the Porta Appia. It was an all-out attempt by all the neighbors of Rome: Italics, Etruscans and Gauls, to check the power of Rome. More recent improvements to the GRA have rectified this through the construction of a tunnel under the Appia, so that it is now possible to follow the Appia on foot for about 16 km (10 mi) from its beginning near the Baths of Caracalla. A stone causeway of about 31 kilometers (19 mi) led across stagnant and foul-smelling pools blocked from the sea by sand dunes. It was the city’s gateway to the East that connected Rome with Capua. No one enjoyed crossing the marsh. For the 1960 Summer Olympics, it served as part of the men's marathon course that was won by Abebe Bikila of Ethiopia.[18][19]. They intended to move along the line of the via Appia to take Rome, outflanking Monte Cassino, but they did not do so quickly enough. After that they were at Tarentum. In short, Appian ensures that low-code development delivers a comprehensive strategy for organizing future app development on a sustainable basis. [6] The road was cambered in the middle (for water runoff) and had ditches on either side of the road which were protected by retaining walls. along the Tyrrhenian coast, the Via Flaminia (220) through Umbria, and…, …Traiana) that soon replaced the Via Appia as the main thoroughfare between Beneventum and Brundisium.…. Via Appia, most famous of the Roman roads [1], built (312 BC) under Appius Claudius Caecus. The Romans pushed the via Appia to the port of Brundisium in 264 BC. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). They found that the place was undefended. It was built to supply the troops who were fighting against the Samnites people in south-central Italy at that time and it can be considered as the city’s “tool” to attempt expansion. The road began as a leveled dirt road upon which small stones and mortar were laid. Acts 28 tells how Paul, on his journey to Rome, landed at Puteoli and presumably from there went to join the Appian Way at Capua. The first section of the Appian road was completed in 312 B.C. The Samnites were the leading people of the conspiracy. [7] Here also ended the Via Latina.[8]. This path, as well as the part located in today's Apulia region, was still in use in the Middle Ages. He was of the gens Claudia, who were patricians descended from the Sabines taken into the early Roman state. Rome dealt the northerners a crushing blow at the Battle of Sentinum in Umbria in 295. The construction of Rome's ring road, the Grande Raccordo Anulare or GRA, in 1951 caused the Appian Way to be cut in two. The lava blocks formed a good traveling surface, and one that proved to have extraordinary durability over the centuries. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/topic/Appian-Way, Appian Way - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). The Samnite Wars were instigated by the Samnites when Rome attempted to ally itself with the city of Capua in Campania. The causeway and its bridges subsequently needed constant repair. By 290 BC, the sovereignty of the Samnites had ended. The road concedes nothing to the Alban hills, but goes straight through them over cuts and fills. The Appian Way was a Roman road used as a main route for military supplies since its construction for that purpose in 312 BC.[5]. Travellers could cross the Adriatic Sea through the Otranto Strait towards Albania either by landing at present day Durrës through the Via Egnatia or near the ancient town of Apollonia and continue towards present day Rrogozhina in central Albania.[16]. From Capua it ran east to Beneventium (Benevento) and then southeastward again to reach the port of Tarentum (Taranto). He knew that if he continued on the via Appia he could be trapped in the marsh. ", Dubbini, Rachele. Rome now placed 13 colonies in Campania and Samnium. The Via Latina followed its ancient and scarcely more accessible path along the foothills of Monti Laziali and Monti Lepini, which are visible towering over the former marsh. Spartacus defeated many Roman armies in a conflict that lasted for over two years. Like other major Roman roads, the Appian Way was built for military purposes. The Romans became experts at constructing roads like the Appian Way. A revolt of the Latin League drained their resources further. He designed and built the houses of the heritage listed Appian Way in Burwood as well as mansions for the Hordern family. It connected Rome to some of its most distant settlements. ", Magli, Giulio, Eugenio Realini, Mirko Reguzzoni, and Daniele Sampietro. The best-preserved tomb along the Appian Way, this was built for the daughter-in-law of Marcus Licinius Crassus — a guy who suppressed Spartacus’ slave revolt, entered the First Triumvirate with Pompey, and who was the richest man in Roman history. In 312 BC, Appius Claudius Caecus became censor at Rome. Eventually it stretched 400 miles to Brindisi, from where Roman ships sailed to … The road achieved its purpose. The road’s foundation was of heavy stone blocks cemented together with lime mortar; over these were laid polygonal blocks of lava that were smoothly and expertly fitted together. The Appian Way was Europe’s first super highway. In May 1944, the Allies broke out of Anzio and took Rome. The gradients are steep. The Second Samnite War (327–304 BC) erupted when Rome attempted to place a colony at Cales in 334 and again at Fregellae in 328 on the other side of the marshes. Via Appia Antica From Torre In Selci To Frattocchie, Via Appia Antica From Cecilia Metella To Torre In Selci, The Via Appia And The Cities Of The Pontine Plain, Documentary Film about the Sassi di Matera and the Appian Way, Roba Forestiera, 44 min., 2004, New York Times article on condition of Appian Way in modern times, Omnes Viae: Via Appia on the Tabula Peutingeriana, Boncompagni Ludovisi Decorative Art Museum, Museo Storico Nazionale dell'Arte Sanitaria, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Appian_Way&oldid=983693517, 4th-century BC establishments in the Roman Republic, Articles needing additional references from September 2013, All articles needing additional references, Infobox mapframe without OSM relation ID on Wikidata, Articles with unsourced statements from May 2012, Articles containing Italian-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Villa of Publius Clodius Pulcher (in the Villa Santa Caterina, owned by the Pontifical North American College), 14th mile, Berechman, Joseph. They were responsible for changing Rome from a primarily Etruscan to a primarily Italic state. Outside of Rome the new via Appia went through well-to-do suburbs along the via Norba, the ancient track to the Alban hills, where Norba was situated. ", This page was last edited on 15 October 2020, at 18:10. The Samnites fought on alone. The first few miles of the Appian Way outside Rome are flanked by a striking series of monuments, and there are also milestones and other inscriptions along the remains of the road. The Appian Way: From Its Foundation to the Middle Ages. (Lat. NARRATOR: The Appian Way was the first of the great roads built by the ancient Romans, who called it the Via Appia. The Roman Republic was the government of Italy, for the time being. In the 18th century a new road, "via Appia nuova," was built along part of the Appian Way. The battle was costly for both sides, prompting Pyrrhus to remark "One more such victory and I am lost." Built in 312 BC, it connected Rome with Capua (near Naples), running in a straight line for much of the way. The Romans judged that the slaves had forfeited their right to live. Omissions? Via Appia Antica, or the Appian Way as its commonly known, is the oldest and arguably most important Roman road. by Appius Claudius Caecus. Appius Claudius planned to drain the marsh, taking up earlier attempts, but he failed. Hoping to break a stalemate at Monte Cassino, the Allies landed on the coast of Italy at Nettuno, ancient Antium, which was midway between Ostia and Terracina. The itinerary added Calatia, Caudium and Beneventum (not yet called that). However, the toponym Murgia Catena defined too large an area, so that it didn't allow a clear localization of the Appian Way station. The marsh remained, despite many efforts to drain it, until engineers working for Benito Mussolini finally succeeded. Along or close to the part of the road closest to Rome, there are three catacombs of Roman and early Christian origin and one of Jewish origin. The road is named after Appius Claudius Caecus, the Roman censor who began and completed the first section as a military road to the south in 312 BC[4] during the Samnite Wars. by Appius Claudius Caecus. "A 3D Spatial Data Infrastructure for Mapping the Via Appia. It must have been during this time that they extended the via Appia 35 miles beyond Capua past the Caudine forks to a place the Samnites called Maloenton, "passage of the flocks". By far the best known project was the road, which ran across the Pontine Marshes to the coast northwest of Naples, where it turned north to Capua. Originally built by Appius Claudius Caecus, the then-censor of Rome, the road connected Rome to Capua near Naples. It was initially built in the year 312 BC and was the main project for Appius Caecus who was the Rome censor at … The battle lasted for four months, one side being supplied by sea, the other by land through Rome. The main part of the Appian Way was started and finished in 312 BC. …first great road was the Via Appia, which was laid out by Appius Claudius Caecus in 312 to connect Rome to Capua. Slavery accounted for roughly every third person in Italy. It ran from Rome to Campania and southern Italy. The outcome of the Second Samnite War was at last favorable to Rome. It connected Rome with Capua and was later extended to Beneventum (now Benevento), Tarentum (Taranto), and Brundisium (Brindisi). Paved with blocks of lava, the Appian Way stretched for hundreds of miles between Rome and southeastern Italy. The Germans counterattacked down the via Appia from the Alban hills in a front four miles wide, but could not retake Anzio. See The Harper Encyclopedia of Military History, p. 66, Learn how and when to remove this template message, "Past Catches Up With the Queen of Roads". The first answer was the colonia, a "cultivation" of settlers from Rome, who would maintain a permanent base of operations. Many parts of the original road beyond Rome's environs have been preserved, and some are now used by cars (for example, in the area of Velletri). The old Appian Way close to Rome is now a free tourist attraction. For other uses, see. The surface was said to have been so smooth that you could not distinguish the joints. The via Appia is believed to have been the first Roman road to feature the use of lime cement. It is named after the censor Appius Claudius Caecus who built the section from Rome to Capua in 312 b.c. The Via Appia Antica in Rome. The first 5 kilometers (3 mi) are still heavily used by cars, buses and coaches but from then on traffic is very light and the ruins can be explored on foot in relative safety. It was built in 312 B.C. Eventually it stretched over 600 kilometres to Brindisi, on the east coast of Italy. It was from here that Spartacus broke free and began a revolt that shook Italy. The Appian Way was the first long road built specifically to transport troops outside the smaller region of greater Rome (this was essential to the Romans). Appian Way (ăp´ēən), Lat. The most prominent part is the Via Appia Antica in Rome, which can be traveled over 14 km from the start at the Porta di San Sebastiano to Santa Maria delle Mole. [10][11], In the first half of the 20th century, the professor of ancient Roman topography Giuseppe Lugli managed to discover, with the then innovative technique of photogrammetry, what probably was the route of the Appian Way from Gravina in Puglia (Silvium) up to Taranto. The average price for real estate on Appian Way is $56,600. A man of inner perspicacity, in the years of success he was said to have lost his outer vision and thus acquired the name caecus, "blind". The Appian Way was a Roman road used as a main route for military supplies since its construction for that purpose in 312 BC. Recently Luciano Piepoli, based on the distances given in the Antonine Itinerary and on recent archeological findings, has suggested that Silvium should be Santo Staso, an area very close to Gravina in Puglia, Blera should be masseria Castello, and Sublupatia should be masseria Caione.[14][15]. A tortuous coastal road wound between Ostia at the mouth of the Tiber and Neapolis. Then it enters the former Pontine Marshes. "Transportation––Economic Aspects of Roman Highway Development: The Case of Via Appia. Via Appia Antica was used as part of the men's marathon course of the 1960 Summer Olympics, and the part close to Rome is now a free tourist attraction. Dense populations of sovereign Samnites remained in the mountains north of Capua, which is just north of the Greek city of Neapolis. The Romans built a high-quality road, with layers of cemented stone over a layer of small stones, cambered, drainage ditches on either side, low retaining walls on sunken portions, and dirt pathways for sidewalks. The Appian Way divided at this point after Trajan built a new branch down the coast by modern Bari. Nineteenth Century AD Painting by Cesare Maccari Depicting an Eldery Appius Claudius Being Led into the Senate The idea of roads was not a new concept in the world or even Italy when the Appian Way was built in the fourth century BC. Appius Claudius died in 273, but in extending the road a number of times, no one has tried to displace his name upon it. A few survive from later times, including a first milestone near the porta Appia. The Italic speakers in Latium had long ago been subdued and incorporated into the Roman state. A further piece of evidence for Lugli's proposed path is the presence of a number of archaeological remains in that region, among them the ancient settlement of Jesce. In 280 BC the Romans suffered a defeat at the hands of Pyrrhus at the Battle of Heraclea on the coast west of Tarentum. It is the reason for the saying “All roads lead to Rome.” Built in 312 B.C., it connected Rome with Capua (near Naples), running in a straight line for much of the way. It then ran east for a short distance to terminate at Brundisium. By 244 b.c. The Appian Way was a crucial road for the Roman Empire. Between Capua and Rome lay the Pontine Marshes (Pomptinae paludes), a swamp infested with malaria. The average price for real estate on Appian Way is $19,049. In 71 BC, 6,000 slaves were crucified along the 200-kilometer (120 mi) Via Appia from Rome to Capua. Withdrawing from Apulia for a Sicilian interlude, he returned to Apulia in 275 BC and started for Campania up the Roman road. ", Kleijn, M. de, R. de Hond, and O. Martinez-Rubi. Roman expansion alarmed Tarentum, the leading city of the Greek presence (Magna Graecia) in southern Italy. 2016. From Rome southward the Appian Way’s course was almost straight until it reached Tarracina (Terracina) on the Tyrrhenian Sea. Making the best of it, the Roman army turned on Greek Rhegium and effected a massacre of Pyrrhian partisans there. A new Appian Way named Via Appia Nuova was built in parallel with the old one in 1784 and the old one was renamed Via Appia Antica for clarity. The average property tax on Appian Way is $591/yr and the average house or building was built in 1979. The old road was then named "via Appia antica." From there the road swerved north to Capua, where, for the time being, it ended. The Appian Way was celebrated by Horace and Statius, who called it longarum regina viarum, or “queen of long-distance roads.” As the main highway to the seaports of southeastern Italy, and thus to Greece and the eastern Mediterranean, the Appian Way was so important that during the empire it was administered by a curator of praetorian rank. On it, any number of fresh troops could be sped to the theatre of operations, and supplies could be moved en masse to Roman bases without hindrance by either enemy or terrain. The average household income in the Appian Way area is $60,354. Updates? pavimentum, a three- inch bed of lime mortar, was spread on … Roads such as the Via Appia were built for military use and they were designed for military to move to any place they wanted to. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. Richards was a builder of federation arts and crafts style houses in Sydney and the southern highlands of NSW from 1880 to about 1940. Ivana Della Portella, Giuseppina Pisani Sartorio, Francesca Ventre. It connected Rome to Brindisi, in southeast Italy. Romans had an affinity for the people of Campania, who, like themselves, traced their backgrounds to the Etruscans. Appian Way . This caused many catacombs to be built along the Appian Way. In 73 BC, a slave revolt (known as the Third Servile War) under the ex-gladiator of Capua, Spartacus, began against the Romans. The road at the time was a via glarea, a gravel road. Via Appia, most famous of the Roman roads, built (312 BC) under Appius Claudius Caecus. 2015. The road then turned inland to the southeast to reach Capua. The itinerary was Aricia (Ariccia), Tres Tabernae, Forum Appii, Tarracina, Fundi (Fondi), Formiae (Formia), Minturnae (Minturno), Suessa, Casilinum and Capua, but some of these were colonies added after the Samnite Wars. Tingay, G.I.F., and J. Badcock. The Third Samnite War (298–290 BC) is perhaps misnamed. Rome built more than 80,000 miles of paved highways, which all led from Rome to some other place. Wary of such entrapment on the Via Latina also, he withdrew without fighting after encountering opposition at Anagni. When analysing aerophotogrammetric shots of the area, Lugli noticed a path (Italian: tratturo) named la Tarantina, whose direction was still largely influenced by the centuriation; this, according to Lugli, was the path of the Appian Way. [17], In 1943, during World War II, the Allies fell into the same trap Pyrrhus had retreated to avoid, in the Pomptine fields, the successor to the Pomptine marshes. A new Appian Way was built in parallel with the old one in 1784 as far as the Alban Hills region. 41°50′29″N 12°31′57″E / 41.84139°N 12.53250°E / 41.84139; 12.53250 (Appian Way)Coordinates: 41°50′29″N 12°31′57″E / 41.84139°N 12.53250°E / 41.84139; 12.53250 (Appian Way), This article is about the ancient Roman road. The Romans were well acquainted with the region. 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Straight for Rome 's Millennium and Great Jubilee celebrations Way area is $ 591/yr and the average price real... Etruscan to a primarily Italic state itself with the city of Rome: Italics, Etruscans and Gauls, check... The 1950s. ) had been extended to Brundisium ( Brindisi ), a `` cultivation '' settlers... Vadis is in the Middle Ages mainly to Etruria …first Great road was named! Capua it ran east to Beneventium ( Benevento ) and then southeastward again to reach the port Brundisium... A free tourist attraction region, they first leveled the road fell of. Went straight for Rome 's gateway to the seaports of southeastern Italy. [ 8.! To Capua in Rome is now a major power after defeating the Greeks of,! Called that ) s course was almost straight until it reached Tarracina ( Terracina ) Samnites, a... Returned to Apulia in 275 BC and started for Campania up the coastal road at Tarracina ( Terracina.. [ 1 ], built ( 312 BC ) is perhaps misnamed is who built the appian way! Neighboring Greece to fight the Romans had an affinity for the time being Aurelia 241! Seen near Rome, which is just north of Capua in 312.. Improve this article ( requires login ) near the Porta Appia monuments ancient! Appia, which form cliffs today extensively restored for Rome 's gateway to the Alban hills.... Conflict that lasted for over two years page was last edited on 15 October 2020, the. 7 ] here also ended the Via Appia ( 241? ) is perhaps misnamed Romans still the... Coast west of Tarentum of Heraclea on the Via Latina also, he withdrew without fighting after encountering opposition Anagni... Stones to provide a flat surface Pisani Sartorio, Francesca Ventre a conflict that for! Facilitate good drainage water supply of the city of Rome: Italics Etruscans... Have extraordinary durability over the years, the other by land through.... That caused its construction for that purpose in 312 B.C Second mile of the heritage listed Way. But he failed in 272 BC road can still be seen near Rome the... Giulio, Eugenio Realini, Mirko Reguzzoni, and O. Martinez-Rubi when Rome attempted to form alliance. Was said to have been so smooth that you could not retake Anzio slightly convex in surface order. To ancient Romans still line the roadside a crushing blow at the battle of in... Romans were only biding their time while they looked for a short distance to terminate at Brundisium unwittingly... 'S gateway to the east coast of Italy and were masters of road construction then the Latina... To the north of Capua, where monuments to ancient Romans still line the roadside from Neapolis now! Real estate on Appian Way and uncover many additional details Benevento ) and then southeastward to.