Electric traction was more efficient, faster and cleaner than steam and the natural choice for trains running in tunnels and proved superior for elevated services. [+] more examples [-] hide examples [+] Example sentences [-] Hide examples. type: "html5", iasLog("criterion : cdo_dc = english"); BRT is Bus Rapid Transit – a high quality, high capacity rapid transit system that, in many ways, improves upon traditional rail transit … In some cities, the same reasons are used to justify a crew of two rather than one; one person drives from the front of the train, while the other operates the doors from a position farther back, and is more conveniently able to assist passengers in the rear cars. 'increment': 0.05, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, 'cap': true { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, A rapid transit, metro, subway, underground, or elevated railway system is an electric passenger railway in an urban area with high capacity and frequency, and which is grade separated from other traffic. Another system that uses unmanned trains is Bombardier's Innovia Metro, originally developed by the Urban Transportation Development Corporation as the Intermediate Capacity Transit System (ICTS). Definition of Rapid Transit in the Definitions.net dictionary. Information and translations of Rapid Transit in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. rapid transit synonyms, rapid transit pronunciation, rapid transit translation, English dictionary definition of rapid transit. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Based on the line number, for example Sinyongsan station, coded as station 429. var pbMobileLrSlots = [ bidderSequence: "fixed" [20] However the Boston subway system is known locally as "The T". Often this is achieved by making improvements to existing infrastructure, vehicles and scheduling. Power for the trains, referred to as traction power, usually takes one of two forms: an overhead line, suspended from poles or towers along the track or from structure or tunnel ceilings, or a third rail mounted at track level and contacted by a sliding "pickup shoe". { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, ‘The mass rapid transit system and the public bus services, from my own attempts in getting around, are commendable for their convenience.’ ‘The Taipei City mass rapid transit system was severely hit by yesterday's earthquake, with service suspended for several hours.’ Rail rapid transit definition, a system of rail transit within an urban area that has exclusive right of way either below, above, or on the ground and so is capable of … "sign-in": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/auth/signin?rid=READER_ID", Like twerking, but done with the crotch area facing the intended receiver of the action. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, type: "html5", }], Both overhead wire and third-rail systems usually use the running rails as the return conductor, but some systems use a separate fourth rail for this purpose. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_english"); They are typically integrated with other public transport and often operated by the same public transport authorities. It provides fast, frequent and high capacity services along corridors separated from general traffic and is therefore not affected by road congestion. In one common method, known as cut-and-cover the city streets are excavated and a tunnel structure strong enough to support the road above is built in the trench, which is then filled in and the roadway rebuilt. Elevated railways are a cheaper and easier way to build an exclusive right-of-way without digging expensive tunnels or creating barriers. “Six hundred people per hour is pretty minimal compared to … },{ But unlike that of Singapore's MRT, it's mostly numbers. The minimum time interval between trains is shorter for rapid transit than for mainline railways owing to the use of Communications based train control: the minimum headway can reach 90 seconds, but many systems typically use 120 seconds to allow for recovery from delays. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, Each line is serviced by at least one specific route with trains stopping at all or some of the line's stations. Noun 1. mass rapid transit - an urban public transit system using underground or elevated trains rapid transit public transit - a … These examples are from corpora and from sources on the web. High capacity Monorails with larger and longer trains can be classified as rapid transit systems. [35] The London Underground[36] and Paris Métro[37] are densely built systems with a matrix of crisscrossing lines throughout the cities. As for larger trains, the Paris Métro has human drivers on most lines but runs automated trains on its newest line, Line 14, which opened in 1998. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; The highest rated systems received a "gold" ranking. Cut-and-cover tunnels are constructed by digging up city streets, which are then rebuilt over the tunnel; alternatively, tunnel-boring machines can be used to dig deep-bore tunnels that lie further down in bedrock.[21]. Beijing, Bucharest, Chengdu, Chongqing, Copenhagen, Delhi, London, Madrid, Moscow, Nagoya, Paris, Seoul, Shanghai, Singapore, Tokyo, Zhengzhou, Complex grid, e.g. name: "identityLink", Unlike buses or trams, rapid transit systems are electric railways that operate on an exclusive right-of-way, which cannot be accessed by pedestrians or other vehicles of any sort, and which is often grade-separated in tunnels or on elevated railways. The Chicago 'L' has most of its lines converging on The Loop, the main business, financial, and cultural area. dfpSlots['houseslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [300, 250], 'ad_houseslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); [48] Some subway systems, such as the Beijing Subway, which is ranked by Worldwide Rapid Transit Data as the "World's Safest Rapid Transit Network" in 2015, incorporate airport-style security checkpoints at every station. 'increment': 0.01, Interchange stations would have at least two codes, for example, Raffles Place MRT station has two codes, NS26 and EW14, the 26th station on the North South Line and the 14th station on the East West Line. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776336', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 100] }}, Completely unmanned trains, or "unattended train operation" (UTO) or technically "GoA 4", are more accepted on newer systems where there are no existing crews to be displaced, and especially on light metro lines. Advocates of this system note that it is much quieter than conventional steel-wheeled trains, and allows for greater inclines given the increased traction of the rubber tires. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971081', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Rapid transit systems have high fixed costs. As of March 2018[update], 212 cities have built rapid transit systems. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, Some systems have a circular line around the city center connecting to radially arranged outward lines, such as the Moscow Metro's Koltsevaya Line and Beijing Subway's Line 10. dfpSlots['btmslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/btmslot', [[300, 250], 'fluid'], 'ad_btmslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_btmslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Definition of rapid-transit noun in Oxford Advanced Learner's Dictionary. Another usual type of tunneling method is called bored tunneling. name: "unifiedId", [2] [3] Rapid transit systems are typically either in underground tunnels or elevated above street level.Outside urban centres, rapid transit lines sometimes run grade separated at ground level. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, Rapid transit is sometimes seen as an alternative to an extensive road transport system with many motorways;[69] the rapid transit system allows higher capacity with less land use, less environmental impact, and a lower cost. The capacity of a line is obtained by multiplying the car capacity, the train length, and the service frequency. There are several different methods of building underground lines. Lines without a number that are operated by KORAIL will start with the letter 'K'. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_btmslot_300x250' }}, Some urban rail lines are built to a loading gauge as large as that of main-line railways; others are built to smaller and have tunnels that restrict the size and sometimes the shape of the train compartments. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195467', size: [320, 50] }}, They are also payment checkpoints and allow passengers to transfer between modes of transport, for instance to buses or other trains. [51], Most rapid transit trains are electric multiple units with lengths from three to over ten cars. googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); pbjsCfg = { dfpSlots['houseslot_b'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/houseslot', [], 'ad_houseslot_b').defineSizeMapping(mapping_houseslot_b).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'btm').setTargeting('hp', 'center').setCategoryExclusion('house').addService(googletag.pubads()); What does Rapid Transit mean? Interchange stations can have multiple codes. [26], Since the 1960s many new systems were introduced in Europe, Asia and Latin America. This arrangement is used by many systems, such as the Copenhagen Metro,[33] the Milan Metro, the Oslo Metro and the New York City Subway.[34]. }, The systems in Moscow, St. Petersburg, Tashkent and Kyiv are widely regarded as some of the most beautiful in the world. The word in the example sentence does not match the entry word. Define mass rapid transit. This technique, also referred to as putting stations "on humps", allows gravity to assist the trains as they accelerate from one station and brake at the next. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_rightslot_flex' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, iasLog("criterion : cdo_l = en"); The graphic presentation may use straight lines and fixed angles, and often a fixed minimum distance between stations, to simplify the display of the transit network. Both new and upgraded tram systems allow faster speed and higher capacity, and are a cheap alternative to construction of rapid transit, especially in smaller cities. Public Notice of Rights Non-Discrimination – Your Rights under Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, Modern service on rapid transit systems are provided on designated lines between stations typically using electric multiple units on rail tracks, although some systems use guided rubber tires, magnetic levitation (maglev), or monorail. It provides fast, frequent and high capacity services along corridors separated from general traffic and is … Annually Rapid Transit System travels more than one half-million miles and provides more than 400,000 passenger trips throughout Rapid City on its Rapid Ride, Dial-A-Ride, and City View Trolley services. A variant of ATO, "driverless train operation" (DTO) or technically "GoA 3", is seen on some systems, as in London's Docklands Light Railway, which opened in 1987. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}]; { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, This report presents a comprehensive summary of applications of BRT elements in the United States and in selected sites around the world. var mapping_houseslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([963, 0], []).addSize([0, 0], [300, 250]).build(); rapid transit - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_l", "en"); The Rapid Transit route covers S2 of the S-Bahn Mitteldeutschland from Dessau HBF to Markkleeberg-Gaschwitz via Leipzig HBF and Bitterfeld. ‘The mass rapid transit system and the public bus services, from my own attempts in getting around, are commendable for their convenience.’ ‘The Taipei City mass rapid transit system was severely hit by yesterday's earthquake, with service suspended for several hours.’ For lines without a number like Bundang line it will have an alphanumeric code. 'max': 3, The confined space in the tunnel also limits the machinery that can be used, but specialized tunnel-boring machines are now available to overcome this challenge. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387232' }}, [73] Some systems, particularly Hong Kong's, extensions are partly financed by the sale of land whose value has appreciated by the new access the extension has brought to the area,[51] a process known as value capture. [25], A premetro design means that an underground rapid transit system is built in the city center, but only a light rail or tram system in the suburbs. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, var mapping_leftslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([1063, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600], [300, 600]]).addSize([963, 0], [[120, 600], [160, 600]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); 'max': 36, In areas of high land prices and dense land use, tunnels may be the only economic route for mass transportation. ATO could start a train, accelerate to the correct speed, and stop automatically in the correct position at the railway platform at the next station, while taking into account the information that a human driver would obtain from lineside or cab signals. {code: 'ad_topslot_b', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[728, 90]] } }, googletag.pubads().setTargeting("cdo_t", "travel"); Most systems operate several routes, and distinguish them by colors, names, numbering, or a combination thereof. [3], Rapid transit systems may be supplemented by other systems such as trolleybuses, regular buses, trams, or commuter rail. Public Transit Bus Rapid Transit Volume 2: Implementation Guidelines HERBERT S. LEVINSON New Haven, CT SAMUEL ZIMMERMAN JENNIFER CLINGER JAMES GAST DMJM+HARRIS Fairfax, VA SCOTT RUTHERFORD University of Washington Seattle, WA and ERIC BRUHN Transit Resource Center Philadelphia, PA. The first network to install PSDs on an already operational system was Hong Kong's MTR, followed by the Singapore MRT. Fire is more of a danger underground, such as the King's Cross fire in London in November 1987, which killed 31 people. var mapping_topslot_a = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], []).addSize([0, 550], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]]).build(); BRT is Bus Rapid Transit – a high quality, high capacity rapid transit system that, in many ways, improves upon traditional rail transit … Barcelona, Berlin, Guangzhou, Hong Kong, Mexico City, Milan, Nanjing, New York, Osaka, Shenzhen, Taipei, Tianjin, Wuhan, Vienna, Extended loop, e.g. This technology could allow trains to operate completely automatically with no crew, just as most elevators do. With some other urban or "near urban" rapid transit systems (Guangfo Metro, Bay Area Rapid Transit, Los Teques Metro and Seoul Subway Line 7, etc.) { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_SR' }}, When the initially increasing costs for automation began to decrease, this became a financially attractive option for employers. It does this through the provision of dedicated lanes, with busways and iconic stations typically aligned to the center of the road, off-board fare collection, and fast and frequent operations. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 50], [320, 50], [320, 100]] } }, Definition of rapid transit : fast passenger transportation (as by subway) in urban areas Examples of rapid transit in a Sentence We'll use rapid transit to get from the airport to the hotel. pid: '94' }); 'min': 0, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, name: "idl_env", rapid transit synonyms, rapid transit pronunciation, rapid transit translation, English dictionary definition of rapid transit. For elevated lines, another alternative is the monorail, which can be built either as straddle-beam monorails or as a suspended monorail. Initial experiences with steam engines, despite ventilation, were unpleasant. var pbTabletSlots = [ In most of Southeast Asia, rapid transit systems are primarily known as MRT (Mass Rapid Transit) or MTR (Mass Transit Railway). But problems with ground water are more likely, and tunneling through native bedrock may require blasting. name: "pubCommonId", The farebox recovery ratio, a ratio of ticket income to operating costs, is often used to assess operational profitability, with some systems including Hong Kong's MTR Corporation,[73] and Taipei[74] achieving recovery ratios of well over 100%. Rapid transit forms the backbone of Auckland’s public transport network. iasLog("criterion : cdo_pc = dictionary"); [52] Crew sizes have decreased throughout history, with some modern systems now running completely unstaffed trains. Bus Rapid Transit (BRT) definition from Federal Transit Administration: BRT is a high-capacity bus-based transit system that delivers fast and efficient service that may include dedicated lanes, busways, traffic signal priority, off-board fare collection, elevated platforms and enhanced stations. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_btmslot' }}, Typical capacity lines allow 1,200 people per train, giving 36,000 people per hour. dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); syncDelay: 3000 There are also some rubber-tired systems that use a central guide rail, such as the Sapporo Municipal Subway and the NeoVal system in Rennes, France. 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[ ]... Add the power of Cambridge dictionary editors or of Cambridge dictionary editors or of Cambridge University Press or its.! Rail systems have elevated or underground trains or a combination of both ( MTR provides. Bus rapid transit - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums on international best practices rail network more! Checkpoints and allow passengers to transfer between modes of public transportation in a metropolitan area, usually electric that! Nuremberg, Rotterdam, Toronto, Secant, e.g its licensors the T '' be the only economic route mass!