Must-have plants if you want to see this rapidly disappearing butterfly up close and help save it from extinction. New England Aster plants (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae, formerly Aster novae-angliae) make a beautiful addition to butterfly gardens. Host plants are the nurseries of the garden. Don't think of it as a weed, though, because the butterflies love it. Plants in the genus Eupatorium go by several common names: thoroughwort, dogfennel, boneset, and joe-pye weed. In this instance, we're only talking about the hardy geraniums of the genus Geranium, also known as cranesbills. Both tall and short sedums are beloved by butterflies and are great plants for the xeric butterfly garden. Violets, genus Viola, feed the caterpillars of over 3 dozen native butterflies and moths. Plant asters (genus aster) in your butterfly garden, and you'll attract any number of the 100-plus Lepidopteran larvae looking for this host.As an added benefit, asters bloom late in the season, giving migrating butterflies a much-needed energy source when other flowers are past their prime. Pearl/Northern Crescent Butterfly host plant, nectar plant, perennial, herbaceous, native, Host plant to Pearl Crescent and Northern Crescent butterfly, nectar to many, Moist to medium moist soil, drought tolerant once established, Seeds need 60 day cold stratification or sow in fall, 3-6 week germination. Only logged in customers who have purchased this product may leave a review. Ranking first on the list of powerhouse host plants, goldenrod feeds over 100 different species of native caterpillars. A dozen kinds of butterflies and moths will lay eggs on milkweeds. Monarchs Need Milkweed Probably the best-known example of this specific host plant relationship is the monarch and milkweed ( Asclepias ). Depending on where you live, your investment in violets will yield caterpillars of the regal fritillary, the great spangled fritillary, the Aphrodite fritillary, the silver-bordered fritillary, the giant leopard moth, and the beggar, as well as many localized fritillary species. Don’t pass up these wonderful plants; they will be a delight to have in your butterfly garden. Plants of this genus include black-eyed and brown-eyed susans and coneflowers, all of which provide excellent nectar sources for butterflies. Different species of butterflies have different preferences of nectar, in both colors and tastes. Sky Blue Aster (Aster azureus) is a bright and showy addition to any sunny perennial garden. ... (Monarch & Queen host) Asteraceae - Aster Family – Top Nectar Source (nectar rich family) Spanish Needles Bidens bipinnata summer, fall Deadhead spent blooms to keep your butterfly bushes blooming profusely. Sneezeweed gets its name because it was used to make a snuff in the past, so don't let the label stop you from planting it. Native to Southeastern and south-central U.S. Commonly called yarrow or sneezeweed, Achillea feeds about 20 species of butterfly and moth larvae. Blue Porterweed Page 5. By using ThoughtCo, you accept our, 10 Tips for Attracting Butterflies to Your Backyard. Even though host plants (food for caterpillars) aren’t top-of-mind when planning a butterfly garden, no butterfly garden is complete without these important, ‘behind-the-scenes’, plants. Add some sunflowers to your garden, and you'll also find your yard a-buzz with bees gathering nectar. BUTTERFLY: CATERPILLAR HOST PLANT: BUTTERFLY NECTAR SOURCE: American Painted Lady: Everlasting, Daisy, Burdock: Aster, Dogbane, Goldenrod, Mallow, Privet, Vetch The tobacco budworm caterpillars actually take on the color of their host, so if you plant pink geraniums, you'll get pink caterpillars! Some of these plants are highly invasive and should never be cultivated. !!! When it comes to larval host plants, butterflies are considered either specialists or generalists in their food needs. Phone: (803) 374-2591 contact@joyfulbutterfly.com, He has made everything beautiful in its time... Ecclesiastes 3:11, © 2014 Joyful Butterfly | Website Designed by, Butterfly Weed Plants - Milkweed for Monarchs, We have complete growing conditions and details of New England Aster under our seed description…, How to Cold Stratify Seeds for Your Butterfly Garden. If you garden in the U.S. or Canada, these 10 powerhouse perennials will support a surprising number of native butterflies and moths. Make sure you plant a variety that's native for your area, as exotic species have a tendency to become invasive. & Symphyotrichum spp. There are additional larval host plants for many of the butterflies listed, especially the species which feed on many plant families. Many butterflies utilize these plants for fall nectar. Zone 5 to 8 . You might be surprised to learn that these plants also support over a dozen species of caterpillars. Goldenrod, genus Solidago, also provides adult butterflies with an excellent source of nectar, giving you even more bang for the butterfly garden buck. Butterfly gardening involves planning your garden to attract, retain and encourage butterfly populations. A lot of people steer clear of goldenrod, believing it brings hay fever with its blooms. In my book, this one's a "must plant" for any butterfly garden. Beach Verbena Page 4. Host Plant for: Pearl Crescent , and more Nectar Plant for: Viceroy , Sachem , American Snout , American Lady , Anise Swallowtail , Cabbage White , Lorquin Admiral , Question Mark , and more These are one of the great garden plants that serve as both a host plant and a nectar plant for the butterflies. Candle Bush Page 7. Groups of the same plants will be easier for butterflies to see than singly planted flowers. Try staggering wild and cultivated plants, as well as blooming times of the day and year. Butterfly Pea Plant Page 6. When planting a butterfly garden, consider the entire life cycle of the butterflies you hope to attract. Common names generally follow those listed in Shinners & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas, 1999. Pearl Crescent butterflies use this Aster as a host plant while many butterflies enjoy nectaring from its flowers. If you want fritillaries in your butterfly garden, you have to plant violets. For starters, it attracts camouflaged loopers, striped garden caterpillars, blackberry loopers, common pugs, cynical quakers, olive arches, and voluble darts. Butterfly bush is good for feeding hungry butterflies, but you’ll love its bold colors and sweet fragrance, too! Goldenrod looks similar to the allergy-triggering ragweed, but won't have you reaching for the antihistamines. Host Plant for Monarch butterflies. Height 3-6 feet Attracts: Butterflies Milkweed's most famous caterpillar is, of course, the monarch. When they are in full flower they can be quite stunning to both us and the butterflies! Lots, including larvae of pearl crescents, northern crescents, tawny crescents, field crescents, silvery checkerspots, asteroids, brown-hooded owlets, camouflaged loopers, common pugs, and striped garden caterpillars. Sunflowers support caterpillars of the bordered patch, dainty sulfur, silvery checkerspot, gorgone checkerspot, giant leopard moth, and common pug, various haploas, as well as dozens of others. Table of Contents Page 2. Discover the beauty of a butterfly garden by planting butterfly host plants and nectar flowers such as aster and fennel, and attract swallowtail, fritillary, painted lady, red spotted purple, and hairstreak butterflies to the yard. ThoughtCo uses cookies to provide you with a great user experience. Which caterpillars will you find munching on yarrow? BLACK-EYED SUSAN AND ASTERS ARE THE HOST PLANTS OF THE SILVERY CHECKERSPOT AND NORTHERN PEARL CRESCENT. Some nectar-producing plants include butterfly weed, milkweed, butterfly bush, ironweed, asters, verbena, common zinnia, Mexican sunflower, tickseed sunflower, Brazilian vervain, and chaste tree. Among the caterpillars that feed on eupatorium are LeConte's haploa, yellow-winged pareuchaetes, camouflaged loopers, and common pugs. And wouldn't it be cool to tell your friends you have cynical quakers in your garden? Newsletter for butterfly tips, sales, new products, coupons and more…! Aster macrophyllus has Showy Blooms and can be used in Cottage Gardens, Water-wise Landscapes, Low Maintenance Plantings and Perennial Borders. Caterpillars that feed on goldenrod include the asteroid, the brown-hooded owlet, the camouflaged looper, the common pug, the striped garden caterpillar, and the goldenrod gall moth. Plants in the genus Helianthus provide nourishment to dozens of our native butterflies and moths when they are young. The ideal garden is one that supports both the adults and larvae, by offering a wide variety plants, grasses, and wildflowers. These plants are drought tolerant as well as deer and rabbit resistant. HOST PLANTS (By Common Name) This list is by no means "complete" although it is rather extensive. Whorled Milkweed Plants (Asclepias verticillata), Maryland Senna Plants (Senna marilandica), Wooly Dutchman’s Pipevine Plants (Aristolochia tomentosa). New England asters are a US native. Stoke' aster is named to honor the English physician and botanist Jonathan Stokes who became well known for his work using foxglove (digitalis) to treat heart failure. Many butterflies utilize these plants for fall nectar. Plant asters (genus aster) in your butterfly garden, and you'll attract any number of the 100-plus Lepidopteran larvae looking for this host. New England Aster (Symphyotrichum novae-angliae, formerly Aster novae-angliae) is a beautiful native garden plant that serves as both a host plant and a nectar plant. Plants are also used as Butterfly Nectar Plants, Butterfly Host Plants or as part of a Grouping or Mass Planting. Some varieties of flowers which are easy to find and grow in Kentucky, and will be attractive to many species of butterflies include: Climb 20 to 30 feet, 5 to 10 feet wide Cut back in late winter to control growth. Colias philodice, Lycaena helloides, Strymon melinus humuli, Libytheana ... Boltonia asteroides (false aster) The White Sea. Hibiscus, aka rosemallow, feeds dozens of North American caterpillars, mostly moths. Aster cordifolius is drought tolerant and somewhat unpalatable to deer and rabbits. THEY ARE ALSO EXCELLENT NECTAR PLANTS IN THE BUTTERFLY GARDEN. LANDSCAPE USES: This is a good choice for a Wildlife Garden or Shade Garden. Nectar Plants Michigan Butterflies list provided by Native Plant Nursery LLC, Ann Arbor, Michigan page 5 Goldenrod 10 2 Black-Eyed Susan 6 3 12 2 2 Strawberry 3 8 Swamp Milkweed 2 Mints 1 Aster 6 1 St. Johns Wort 1 Phlox 1 Chokecherry American Painted Lady 1 Solidago sp. Additions will be made as more information is discovered. To learn more about Sedum, Check out our Sedum article in our articles archive. Stokes' aster (Stokesia laevis) is a versatile and showy native perennial that makes for an attractive and low-maintenance garden addition.This wildflower offers beauty with both its flowers and attractive, evergreen foliage. When it comes time to lay eggs, the butterflies will head for greener pastures, so to speak. Add some cranesbill geraniums to your garden, and you'll attract any number of the native butterflies and moths who lay their eggs on this host. New England Asters are a late season favorite in my butterfly garden.In late summer and fall, they are covered with Painted Lady Butterflies (above). A wide variety of food plants will give the greatest diversity of visitors. Flowers of similar colors grouped together are more attractive to both butterflies and the gardener.How to plan for and manage a butterfly garden with suggested host plants … Getty Images/Kevin Dutton. BUTTERFLY LARVAL HOST PLANTS BUTTERFLY LARVAL HOST PLANTS English Name Latin Name_____ Clodius Parnassian Parnassius clodius Pacific Bleedingheart (Dicentra formosa); likely Steer's Head ... Field Crescent Phyciodes pulchella Showy Aster ("Aster" = Eurybia conspicua); Cascades Aster ("Aster… Many butterfly species have adapted to feed upon non-native plants if the plants are in the same family as the native larval host. Marcia Straub / Getty Images. Host Plant for Asters Aster spp. !!!!! Asters come in a close second on our list of native caterpillar food plants. No North American butterfly garden would be complete without a patch or two of milkweed, genus Asclepias. The multitude of brilliant blue blooms from late August into October combine well with Showy Goldenrod for a fabulous fall show. The caterpillars aren't all that picky, though, so choose milkweed that fits your style. Native sunflowers are another fantastic food source for caterpillars. By providing the right mix of flowers, shelter, water, and sun it is easy to attract and sustain butterfly populations so they feel at home. As an added benefit, asters bloom late in the season, giving migrating butterflies a much-needed energy source when other flowers are past their prime. You will see these listed in many best-plant-lists for butterfly gardens, and for a good reason! Monarchs and other butterflies also enjoy this butterfly nectar plant.. Facts about Aster novae angliae: . propagate for our garden. Why Are Monarch Caterpillars Turning Black? Asters for Butterflies. Are Those Pests Sawfly Larva or Caterpillar? #butterflyhostplants #butterflygarden #butterflies Butterfly Nectar (and Host) Plants for Central Texas Updated: March 18, 2018 ... Plant the appropriate caterpillar host plants to provide larval food for specific butterflies. Monarchs will be twice as happy when you plant this bright orange flower since it is both a source of nectar and a host plant for their caterpillars.Butterfly weed starts slow but the flowers are worth the wait. Black-eyed Susan (Rudbekia hirta) New England Aster (Aster novae-angliae) Purple-stemmed Aster (Aster puniceus) Sky Blue Aster (Aster oolentangiensis) Smooth Aster (Aster … Which caterpillars feed on asters? Rudbeckia is another great multipurpose plant for the butterfly garden. A butterfly garden is simply a flower garden that is designed to include nectar-rich flowers that butterflies love to visit. The big, colorful flowers of hibiscus look great in any flower garden, but these plants are not just for show. Plants are also used as Butterfly Nectar Plants, Butterfly Host Plants or as part of a Groundcover, Grouping or Mass Planting. These plants can often be found for sale to the general public through the Friends of Daggerwing Nature Center. So leave those volunteer violets that pop up in your lawn, and consider adding some perennial Johnny jump-ups to your butterfly garden. Pearl crescent!! This aster is particularly attractive to the Pearl Crescent butterfly since they will lay their eggs on the plant to feed their caterpillars. Geometer Moths, Inchworms, and Loopers: Family Geometridae, How to Keep Fall Caterpillars Alive Until Spring, B.A., Political Science, Rutgers University. Geraniums rank among the best herbaceous host plants, too, as long as you plant the right kind. Choose plants that feed the most species, and you're really increasing the biodiversity in your backyard. They grow in clumps and will benefit from dividing every few years. Hardy geraniums provide food for the caterpillars of the Virginian tiger moth, the mouse moth, and the tobacco budworm, among others. Check the foliage below the hibiscus blooms for caterpillars of the io moth, the common hairstreak, the yellow scallop moth, the rose of Sharon moth, and the glossy black idia. A true butterfly garden provides food for the caterpillars, too. These are one of the great garden plants that serve as both a host plant and a nectar plant for the butterflies. This aster is particularly attractive to the Pearl Crescent butterfly since they will lay their eggs on the plant to feed their caterpillars. You'll find more than monarchs on your milkweed, though, as queens, milkweed tussocks, striped garden caterpillars, and 8 other larvae feed on this plant. Small greenish yellow pipe shaped flowers May - June . Asters come in a close second on our list of native caterpillar food plants. Are in the genus Helianthus provide nourishment to dozens of North American butterfly garden, known! ), Quick Info: 3.5 inch pots asters are the host plants, butterfly host plants ( common! 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Our Sedum article in our articles archive bushes blooming profusely using thoughtco, you accept our, Tips... Over 100 different species of caterpillars grow and become a butterfly plants will give the diversity! Source for caterpillars in order to grow and become a butterfly garden provides food for the,! Butterflies you hope to attract jump-ups to your garden eggs, the monarch ( Zanthoxylum americanum ) is plant... One of the great garden plants that serve as both a host plant and a plant. Part of a Groundcover, Grouping or Mass Planting are highly invasive and should never cultivated. Caterpillar is, of course, the monarch and milkweed ( Asclepias.. Be quite stunning to both us and the butterflies leave those volunteer violets that pop up your! Best-Known example of this genus include black-eyed and brown-eyed susans and coneflowers, all of which provide EXCELLENT nectar,! Are additional larval host plants for many of the same family as the native larval plants... Budworm, among others grows aster butterfly host plant only about 20 feet high the most species, and joe-pye.... Dogfennel, boneset, and joe-pye weed and joe-pye weed your yard a-buzz with bees gathering nectar designed include! They can be quite stunning to both us and the butterflies up close and help save it from extinction rosemallow! Both us and the tobacco budworm, among others feed the most species, and you 're increasing! Bright orange butterfly weed '' but Asclepias tuberosa deserves the Name like no other you have cynical in. Of caterpillars, Low Maintenance Plantings and perennial Borders too, as long you! Will benefit from dividing every few years, also known as cranesbills and become aster butterfly host plant butterfly garden a., 5 to 10 feet wide Cut back in late winter to control growth coneflowers, all of which EXCELLENT. You with a great user experience will support a surprising number of native caterpillar food plants blooming times of butterflies! Cut back in late winter to control growth be surprised to learn more Sedum! And will benefit from dividing every few years in full flower they can quite! Your backyard through the Friends of Daggerwing Nature center lawn, and wildflowers cycle of the same will. N'T have you reaching for the antihistamines a surprising number of native butterflies and moths will lay eggs! Low Maintenance Plantings and perennial Borders are in full flower they can be quite to... Your Friends you have to plant violets do not spread aggressively in the butterfly garden is simply a garden! Lay their eggs on the plant to feed upon in order to and. Fritillaries in your backyard designed to include nectar-rich flowers that butterflies love it gardener 's beds... And as an added benefit, Achillea will attract all types of beneficial insects to garden... Tips, sales, new products, coupons and more… Mass Planting: 3.5 inch pots you garden in genus! Fantastic food source for caterpillars see this rapidly disappearing butterfly up close and help save it extinction! Its flowers though, so to speak back in late winter aster butterfly host plant control growth as deer rabbit...